Simple sentence structure, OR long, rambling, convoluted, ungrammatical multi-clausal structures
Ambiguous or obscure pronoun references
Words missing from a sentence
Chronic inconsistency of tense; more rarely, errors in number, case agreement
Lacking a clear thesis statement
Content disorganization; unexpected shifts and digressions
Absence of coherent argument or expository structure (e.g., no stated conclusion)
Anomalous quantities of writing in either direction
Large amounts of linear, disorganized and repetitive writing (“tunnel writing”)
Meager production, especially given the knowledge the student can articulate
Interaction with Student
Suggest organization and planning strategies for study, reading and writing projects
Suggest reading strategies that aim at active, purposeful information gathering
Provide coaching on pre-writing activities that help structure information
Suggest assisted proof-reading of work: e.g., computer or another person reads passages exactly as written. This allows the student to hear and potentially identify errors that may be not be detected in silent proof-reading.
Provide suggestions for organization and time management, then follow up to see if they are being used.