Could universal pre-kindergarten be the key to economic growth, improving democracy, and ending sexism?
At the Humboldt Invitational, students were invited to describe what education reform they’d most like to happen. Among requests like more kindness in schools, more foreign language classes, and more arts funding, several high school students advocated for a cause that wouldn’t directly affect their own schools: creating mandatory, universal Pre-Kindergarten.
Debaters gained exposure to this topic after the Minnesota debate coaches included it in the novice debate packet. The topic reflects recent statewide conversations. In 2015, Minnesota ranked in the top ten states for early childhood education. In the years since, Minnesota has prioritized pre-K. In 2016, Minnesota Legislature has allocated $50 million to preschool and early learning programs, a 43% increase in funding for school readiness programs and 28% increase in total Pre-K funding. Although Pre-K advocates wanted even more funding, Minnesota’s funding still puts it ahead of many states, including five which provide zero funding for Pre-K.
The packet includes three cases advocating for the US federal government to increase funding or regulation for education. In one case, students will advocate for this policy:
The United States Federal Government should amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to include funding and regulation of a universal, public pre-kindergarten education program in the United States.
The packet contains different arguments and research in favor of a universal pre-kindergarten policy. Debaters will discuss the benefits of adopting this policy: increased economic growth, reducing poverty, and reducing sexism. Students explain why these outcomes are important to society, how this policy is essential to creating these outcomes in society, and how specifically the policy would accomplish them. Read on to learn more about the questions this topic raises!